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Sources for this page include The JewishGen Shtetl Seeker and The AJGS Cemetery Project. Map Links are to mapquest.

Our known origins are from the Pale of Settlement and Kingdom of Poland and specifically today’s Ukraine, Belarus and Poland. Cities are listed as being in the countries in which are today which often differs from the time a family member was born or lived there. The Ortenbergs, and Stupaks from the Ukraine's Kiyev (Kiev) Gubernia (province); the Manusoffs and Moshkevitch from Yekaterinoslav and Nikopol (Yekaterinoslav Gubernia); & Abraham Goldstein from the Bessarabian area of the Ukraine near the Romanian border.  The Estersons and Gildengers and Millers are from the Kobryn area of Belarus.  The Krolik and Wiernik ancestors are from Poland

The family's migration from Europe mirrored the typical Jewish migration patterns to Canada, the USA, England, France, Mexico, Argentina and Israel. A handful of known family remains in Russia and the Ukraine and none in Poland. Family members who stayed in Poland perished in the holocaust, as did most of Laizer Krolik's family in Paris.  A few of the Ortenberg and Stupak descendants died during world war two in the Ukraine or in battle.

Definitions: (These definitions and much of the following is excerpted from Jewish Genealogical Organization’s Eastern Europe FAQ (by Warren Blatt) or other files.

  • Gubernia = province of the Russian Empire. There were 60 gubernias in 1914, including 15 in the Pale of Settlement and 10 in the Kingdom of Poland. Each gubernia was divided into several uyezds (districts).
  • Pale of Settlement (Russian: Cherta osedlosti) = The 15 gubernias on the western edge of the Russian Empire, to which Jewish residence was restricted, 1794 to 1917.


The former Czarist Russian Empire (pre-1917), included what today are Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, the Republic of Russia, Moldova, and parts of Poland and Romania. (map from: http://www.wzo.org.il/home/politic/pale.htm)




Formed from former Russian Empire gubernias of Minsk, Mogilev, southern Vitebsk, SE Vilna, and E Grodno. Western portions (Grodno, Vilna, western Minsk) were in Poland 1919-1939.

This map originally appeared on the Routes to Roots Foundation website (www.rtrfoundation.org) and is reproduced here with the express permission of Miriam Weiner, president of The Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc

Brest-Litovsk, Belarus
Brest-Litovsk is located at 52.06 longitude, 23.42 latitude, 326.8 kilometers SW of Minsk. It is in the Uezd of Brest and Grodno Gubernia

Gomel, Belarus
(There are two cities with this name)

Grodno (Belr. Hrodna)

Russian gubernia, 1802-1917, in Pale. In Poland between the two world wars (parts of Polish interwar provinces of Wilno, Nowogródek, Polesie and Bialystok). The eastern 2/3rds became part of the Belorussian SSR in 1939, Bialystok area remained in Poland. Today, western Belarus, some northeastern Poland.

Kamenets, Belarus
Kamenets is located at 52.24 longitude, 23.49 latitude. 300.3 kilometers WSW of Minsk in the Uezd of Brest and Grodno Gubernia  

Kobryn, Belarus
Kobryn, (52.13 longitude, 24.21 latitude), is the home of the Estersons. Kobryn is both a district of Grodno Gubernia (province) and a town. Kobryn is 472 km WNW of Kiev, 46 km ESE of Brest-Litovsk, 285 Kms SW of Minsk, 120 Km W of Pinsk, 118 Km SW of Slonim, and 167 Km SSE of Grodno. Ruzhin, Ukraine, home of Raizel Pekelis who Motel Esterson married is 440 Km SE.

Pinsk, Belarus
Pinsk  (5507 2607) is 221 km SSW of Minsk  

Vityebsk (Vitebsk), Belarus
Vityebsk (Vitebsk) (5512 3011) is 222 km NE of Minsk and 530 Km N of Kiyev. "On the eve of the First World War (1914), the number of Jews in the town reached 28,000 which translated into 72% of the city's overall population. During the first few days of the Polish occupation of the city (April 1919) 5 Nisan "Tarat", 35 of the Jewish community's public leaders were summarily executed without trial, and with the sole accusation that they were Bolsheviks." http://www.pinskjew.com/e/4.htm  Shea Ozier is from Pinsk


Region bordered by the Black Sea, Dniester, Danube and Prut rivers. In Ottoman Empire until 1812. Russian gubernia after 1873, in Pale. In Russian Empire 1812-1856, 1878-1918; Part of Romania 1856-1878, 1918-1940; In USSR (Moldavian SSR) 1940-1991. Today, mostly in Moldova (southernmost part in Ukraine). Chief city: Kishinev (Rom. Chisinau). (From Jewish Gen Info Files)

La Tuque,
about 140 km NE of Quebec City

Quebec City, Quebec
The first Ortenberg and Stupak members who migrated to Canada landed and then settled in or passed through Quebec City. There are no family members remaining in Quebec City (there are virtually no Jews left in Quebec City) however a number of family members are buried at the Beth Israel Cemetery. The Cemetery is now an historic landmark.

Galicia (Ger. Galizien)

Province of Austro-Hungarian Empire 1772 to 1917; Belonged to Poland between the two world wars (Polish interwar provinces of Kraków, Lwów, Tarnopol and Stanislawów). The latter three became part of Ukrainian SSR in 1945. Today, southeastern Poland and western Ukraine.

The Kroliks, Zalcmans, Wierniks and Layah Cohen emanate from Poland.

Between 1772 and 1795, Poland was partitioned between Russia, Austria, and Prussia, and ceased to be an independent nation for over 100 years, until it was re-established after WWI in 1918.

Between the wars, newly independent Poland included parts of former Russian gubernias of Vilna, Grodno and Volhynia; former Austrian province of Galicia; and Prussian Poznan and West Prussia.

After WWII, nearly one half of inter-war Poland (eastern provinces: Wilno, Nowogródek, Polesie, Wolyn, Tarnopol, Stanislawów and parts of Lwów and Bialystok) became part of the Soviet Union -- these areas are now part of Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania. Poland gained former German areas: most of Pommern (Pommerania), Brandenburg, Schlesien (Silesia), West Prussia, and half of East Prussia.



Bialystok, Poland
(5208 2309)  175 km NE of Warsaw. The earliest known Jewish Community was in 1487 and there was Jewish population of 39,165 in 1931.

Bielsk Podlaski, Poland
(5246 2312)  159.5 km ENE of Warsaw. 41m S of Bialystok. The earliest known Jewish Community was in 1487 and there was Jewish population of 2,392 in 1921.

Kalisz, Poland
(5145 1805) 207.1 kilometers WSW of Warsaw. 95km W of Lodz

Lubartow, Poland
(5128 2238) 25 km N of Lublin. 141.9 kilometers SE of Warsaw. The 1921 Jewish Population was 3,209

Lodz, Poland
(5145 1928) (Gubernia: Piotrkow Province: Lodz) 118.7 kilometers WSW of Warsaw. The 1921 Jewish Population was 156,000

Lubartow, Poland
(5128 2238) 25 km N of Lublin. 141.9 kilometers SE of Warsaw. The 1921 Jewish Population was 3,269. Fishel Walerstein was born there.

Minsk Mazowiecki, Poland
(5211 2134) (Province: Warszawa,) 39.3 kilometers E of Warsaw in Mazowiecki province. Leah Kroliks's paternal grandmother, Chayah Zalcman is from here. In 1921 there were 4,130 Jews there.

Parysow, Poland
Parysow (Parisov in Yiddish): is located in Siedlechie Province (51.58 latitude,21.42 longitude), 18 km East of Garwolin and 70 km SE of Warsaw. In 1921 there were just under 2,000 Jews and none remain today. Alter Ben Zion Krolik was born here. The Kroliks moved from Parisov to the Praga suburb of Warsaw.

Praga, Poland
Praga is a Warsaw suburb on the east side of the Vistula river.

Pultusk, Poland
Pultusk (Gubernia: Warszawa; Province: Warszawa) called Ostenburg (German) is located in Ciechanow, Poland (52.43 latitude , 21.06 longitude) and is 19 km south of Makow Maz and 60 km north of Warsaw. Pultusk was the home of the Wierniks. The 1931 Jewish Population was 6,100

Ruszczany, Poland
Ruszcany (5309 2258) is about 165 km NE of Warsaw and about 12 km west of Bialystock. It is the home of Adele Mariminsky, wife of Isadore Pekiles.

Sochaczew, Poland
Sochaczew (5214 2015) is about 52 km W of Warsaw and about 76 km NE of Lodz and  78.7 km SW of Pultusk. The 1931 Jewish population was 3,011.

Sosnowiec, Poland
Sosnowiec (5018 1910) is about 56 km S of Czestochowa and 251.4 kilometers SSW of Warsaw. The Jewish population was 13,646.

Staszow(Stashev), Poland
Staszow(Stashev), (5033 2110 ) is the home of Marla Haber Goldstein's Berger ancestors

Warszawa (Warsaw), Poland
Warszawa (5215 2100) is was the home to just under 400,000 Jews in 1939. Many famous Jews come from there including the writer I.L. Peretz and Dr. L. Zamenhof the creator of Esperanto.


Suceava, Romania
Suceava, Romania (Romanian spelling) in Bukovina. (4738 2615) is 356 k N of Bucharest, 440 km SW of Kiyev. At one time Suceava was the capital of the Romanian land of Moldavia, later Jassy became the capital. The crown land of Bukowina (German spelling) was part of the Austrian Empire from 1774 until the end of the Empire in November 1918. Thus, the Rumanian Suceava also had the German name and spelling Suczawa. Bukovina, and thus the town of Suceava, was incorporated in Rumania from the end of World War I.

At the beginning of World War II there were about 3,250 Jews and most were deported to Transnistria and murdered. After World War II Bukovina was divided; the northern part with the capital Czernowitz (Chernovtsy in Russian/Ukrainian, Cernauti in Romanian) going to the Ukraine and the southern part, including Suceava, remaining in northern Romania.

The town has been known in Jewish history and tradition by its Yiddish name Shots -(sheen, komets alef, lange tsadek). The town is close to the Ukrainian border and historically attracted Jews from the Ukraine as well as from the Austrian partition of Poland, Galicia. (Information courtesy of Eugene Orenstein)


Formed from Russian Empire gubernias of Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav; and eastern half of the Austrian Empire province of Galicia.
Parts were in
Poland between the wars (Polish inter-war provinces of Wolyn, Tarnopol, Lwów and Stanislawów).


This map originally appeared on the Routes to Roots Foundation website (www.rtrfoundation.org) and is reproduced here with the express permission of Miriam Weiner, president of The Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc


Moshe Leib Stupak, Fivish Ortenberg and their families stem from Ukraine's Kiev Gubernia (County). Most descendants prior to 1920 were born outlying towns and villages such as Ruzhin and Brusilov.

Belaya Tserkov, Ukraine
Belaya Tserkov (4947 3007) is 77.6 kilometers SSW of Kiev. Rose Olin Desser was born there while the rest her siblings were born in Zhitomer which is 116 km wnw of Belaya Tserkov while Sokol'cha the home of the Olin's was 61.5 kw wnw. Ruzhin, the home of the Ortenbergs was 64 km west.

Borislav (Boryslaw), Ukraine
Boryslaw (4917 2325) is 524 km WSW of Kiev. It is slightly south west of Drogobyc.

Brusilov (50.17 latitude, 29.32 longitude) is located in Zhitomirskaya, 66 km E of Zhitomir, 32 km SE of Radomysl and 72 km WSW of Kiev. Solov'yevka, the home of Moishe Leib Stupak is 9 Km south. There are no remaining Jews. The Jewish community dates back to 1622. The 1926 Jewish population was 379. Pogroms took place 1905,1919 and 1941. There were three Jewish cemeteries in Brusilov.

Dnipropetrovs'k, Ukraine
(48.27 Latitude 34.59 longitude). See Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine

Fastov, Ukraine

Fastov is in Kievskaya 57.7 kilometers SW of Kiev at 50.05 latitude and 29.55 longitude . The present population is between 25,000-100,000.  The earliest known Jewish community was 1750. The Jewish population was 3549 in 1929 and 3445 in the last census done in 1939 and today's Jewish population is somewhere above 1,000.

Kiyev (Kiev),Ukraine

Kiev (Kiyev) is at 50.26 latitude, 30.31 longitude

Kakhovka, Ukraine (46.49 latitude, 33.29 longitude)
Kakhovka is 457.1 kilometers SSE of Kiev, 108.3 kilometers SW of Nikapol and 213.4 kilometers SSW of Dnipropetrovsk (Yekaterinoslav)

Makarov, Ukraine
Makarov is 50 Km west of Kiev

Nikopol, Ukraine
Nikopol is located in Dnipropetrovskaya 107 km from Dnipropetrovsk (Yekaterinoslav) at 47.34 latitude and 34.24 longitude, 426 km SE of Kiev. The earliest known Jewish community in this town was 1782.  Rosa Manosoff was born here.

Radomyshl, Ukraine
Radomyshl (50.30 latitude, 29.14 longitude) is in the Zhitomir region, 94 km west of Kiyev, 32 km NW of Brusilov and 70 km NW of Zhitomir. The population is about 16,000 with under 100 are Jews. Chernobyl and Brusilov, also a home of Ortenberg  & Stupak ancestors is in the Radomyshl region. The last known Jewish burial was 1994.

The known Jewish community dates back to 1801. The Jewish population as of the last census done circa 1930 was 463 after which it declined. The Jews of Radomysl were victims of pogroms in 1918-1920 and 1941. Herb Alpert's father Leib was born here.

Much more on Radomyshl can be found at Radomyshl.

Ruzhin, Ukraine
Ruzhin (49.30 latitude, 29.14 longitude) is located in Zhitomirskaya, 109 SE of Zhitomir, 58 km East of Berdichev, 75 km NE of Vinnitsa and 121.3 Km SW of Kiyev.  Ruzhin is the home of Fivish Ortenberg whose grandson Michael in about the 1850's married Chana Stupak whose family was from Soloviyevka 58 Kms NNE.  The present town population is 5,001 - 25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

The earliest known Jewish community in this town was 1784. The Jewish population as of the last census in 1897 was 2917. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century. The last known Jewish burial was 1993.

Shvartsevo, (Anan'yevka) Ukraine

Shvartsevo (47.22 latitude, 30.35 longitude) was in Bessarabia (see above) and is, I believe,  to be the home of Abraham Haim Goldstein. It is 341 kms south of Kiev.

Skvira, Ukraine
Skvira (49.44 latitude, 29.40 longitude) is 99 km SW of Kiyev and about 30 km E of Ruzhin. The earliest known Jewish community dates to the 18th century

Sokol'cha, Ukraine

Sokol'cha (49.59 latitude, 29.19 longitude) is 98.9 km WSW of Kiyev and 30 km NNE of Ruzhin. Tsirel Ortenberg Olin & Pessach Olin owned a brick factory in the town

Soloviyevka (Solovivke), Ukraine
Soloviyevka is 9 km north of Brusilov and 73 kms wsw of Kiyev at 50.12 latitude, 29.33  longitude. Our records indicate that Moishe Leib Stupak was born here. It is 58 kms NNE of Ruzhin, the home of the Ortenbergs

Topory (4939 Latitude 2919 Longitude) is 122.1 KM SW of Kiev and  9.5 kilometers NW of Ruzhin.

Vil'ska (5014 Latitude 2939 Longitude) is 65.4 KM WSW of Kiev and is two kilometers from Yastrebenka. It is in the vicinity of Brusilov and Solovivke.

Yastrebenka, Ukraine
Yastrebenka (5017 Latitude 2939 Longitude) is 63.7 KM WSW of Kiev and is two kilometers from Vil'ska. It is in the vicinity of Brusilov and Solovivke.

Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine
Yekaterinoslav, (Ekaterinoslav) (48.27 Latitude 34.59 longitude) Russian gubernia, 1802-1917, in Pale. Today, eastern Ukraine. now known as Dnipropetrovsk, is 390 KM ESE of Kiev and North East of Nikopol.

Zhitomir, Ukraine
Zhitomir is located in Zhitomirskaya and was also called Zytomierz (Yiddish), Jitomir (Russian) and Shitomir (Ukraine). Zhitomir is 130 km southeast of Kiev, and 120 km from Vinnitsa.

The Jewish community dates back to 1622. The 1926 Jewish population was 29,598. Haim Nahman Bialik (1873-1934) was born in Zhitomer.

Michael Goldstein

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